ABA standards for criminal justice. Law enforcement access to third party records
By American Bar Association.
American Bar Association, Criminal Justice Standards Committee.
Third edition. .
The ABA has been in the process of promulgating and updating best practices or standards to be followed to ensure that criminal investigation procedures are predictable and fair to law enforcement and to the defense. Records resulting from purchases and even views on the internet are pervasive. These third parties can be bookstores, pharmacies, online merchants, and banks that collect information on consumer purchases. This information is retained in electronic format, so searching through it can be a relatively quick computer task. This trove of data can be very revealing to marketers and to criminal investigators. These standards seek to strike the “delicate balance between law enforcement’s legitimate need for access to such records and the privacy rights of the subjects of those records.” Each standard is followed by a commentary to aid in understanding.
The criminal records manual : Criminal records in America : a complete guide to legal, ethical, and public policy issues and restrictions
By Hinton, Derek.
Facts on Demand Press.
3rd ed. c2008.
This manual is geared to the small employer. Criminal records searches screening applicants and new employees has become commonplace. Employers need to ensure they are hiring individuals whose past can be verified. Increasingly tort law and regulations demand this duty of care. This book contains a brief discussion of the "legal, ethical and public policy issues and restrictions" involved in criminal record searches and then provides detailed information on what types of information are available and how to access it.
"Federal Information Disclosure provides you with comprehensive coverage of the Freedom of Information Act and its amendments. It includes expert guidance on how to win requests and protect confidential business information." - from the publisher